As you write your outline, please keep this ‘mantra’ in mind — “SAY it, tell th


Place your order now for a similar assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, At affordable rates

For This or a Similar Paper Click To Order Now

As you write your outline, please keep this ‘mantra’ in mind — “SAY it, tell the audience about it as a matter of a fact, but don’t try to SELL it.” In short, ‘say it, don’t sell it.’
Follow these simplified steps:
Step 1: Choose a topic (for ideas, see the list I provided in Module 6: Guideline Overview & Sample Topics). I encourage you to choose a topic that you find interesting. It can be anything as long as you are able to find 2 credible sources to support your topic ( but also consider step 2 below). Your goal is to inform us on something interesting.
Step 2: Audience analysis–will we potentially find your topic interesting and relevant to us (your audience)? For example, would a speech on AARP or retirement homes be relevant and appropriate to most of us? The answer would probably be ‘No’ because the topic is too specialized and only appropriate for an audience in a specific age group. I highly doubt most of us are in that audience bracket; so, choose something that most of us can relate to or share historical, geographical, new etc. information about something interesting. If unsure, check the list and check with me as well.
Step 3: Conduct research — on the topic you have selected and choose TWO credible sources to support your topic. You may use statistics, quotes, diagrams, figures, anecdotes, stories/narratives…anything from a credible source to give your topic body and strength. If you only include one source, you will lose points. Do NOT use Wikipedia or Quora as sources because these are written and edited by the general public. That means, the information is not credible because a 5 year old with zero credentials might have edited information about the solar system (if the child is a well known genius, then perhaps, it’ll be okay, but it isn’t realistic to rely on that). You need to prove your sources’ credibility e.g. reputable scientists, professors or physicians/nurses with credentials, experts in the field etc. This means don’t assume your audience knows that your sources are credible, so give them ‘ethos’ that is due to them. For example, if someone is a doctor, mention their title or their position etc.
Step 4: Complete your outline — if you have reviewed Module 6’s instructions and information carefully, you will find an easy to complete outline template I provided for you. Simply customize the outline to yourself and your speech topic/content. Is it properly double spaced? Are all the guiding italics removed? Be sure to follow all the indentations, numbering system, and fill in the prompts (remove all my ‘guiding prompts’ after you fill in your details. The prompts are there just to guide you–they should not be in the outline you submit for grading). Remember to complete full sentences for the introduction section and its parts plus the transitions and the conclusion but avoid long paragraphs in your outline. Establish your credibility strongly, and don’t forget the two references in APA format, as shown in my examples. Here is another example of a speech outline. I prefer that your outlines be double-spaced. The important thing is that your outline looks like a classical college level outline, so, that requires Roman numerals, capital letters, numbers, etc. It also requires indentations as shown in the examples. Sample Outline
Name: Collegiana McStudent
Topic: Geology of Arizona
Goal/General Purpose: To inform my audience on a specific topic
I. Introduction
A. Attention Getter: According to my class survey, only 48% of you know what type of rock you carry out your daily lives on.
B. Tie to Audience: Geology is a very important topic, and everyone should understand or at least have a brief knowledge of it. By understanding the geology of where you live, you can be aware of the dangers around you. When buying a house or choosing somewhere to live, the geology of a place is something important to consider.
C. Establish your Credibility: I have conducted research on the geology of Arizona, and I also successfully completed a college level course on the Fundamentals of Geology (GLG 101).
D. Thesis (central idea): Geology is an important aspect of the Earth, and the geology of Arizona is interesting.
E. Preview Main Points: Geology has three main parts: History, rock types, and natural hazards.
Transition: It is important to know how Arizona came to be, so I will start with the history. According to Earth System History by Steven Stanley . . .
II. Body
A. Geologic History of Arizona
1. Precambrian 4500-1000 million years ago (Abbott, 1999).
a. Mazatzal orogeny and Plutonism
b. Northeast of Phoenix
2. Paleozoic 1000-250 million years ago (Stanley, 2005).
a. Several marine regressions and transgression
b. Regional uplift and erosion
c. Regression
3. Mesozoic 250-70 million years ago (Chronic, 1992).
a. Laramide Orogeny
b. Marine Transgression
c. Plutonism and volcanism
4. Cenozoic 70-present millions years ago
a. Basin and Range
b. Crustal Expansion and Volcanism
c. Mid-Tertiary Orogeny
Transition: Now that you know how it all started, I’m going to tell you about the different types of rocks in our area. According to Roadside Geology of Arizona by Halka Chronic…
B. Rock Types of Arizona 1. Sedimentary conglomerate rocks are rock composed of rounded fragments, varying from small pebbles to large boulders, in a cement of hardened clay or the like (Abbott, 1999).
2. Sandstone
a. A sedimentary rock composed largely of sand grains, mainly quartz, held together by silica, or lime.
3. Limestone
a. Consists mainly of calcium carbonate, often the organic remains of sea creatures. It is often used as building stone and as a source of lime.
4. Rock Salt
a. Natural sodium chloride occurs in solid form, especially in rocklike masses; halite.
5. Gypsum
a. A hydrated sulfate of calcium, occurring naturally in sedimentary rocks; chalk.
Transition: Now you know all about the geology of Arizona, you might be wondering why it is important to you. Natural disasters occur often in Arizona and everyone could potentially be affected by them.
C. Natural Hazards
1. Flash Floods
a. Arizona’s “Stupid Motorist Law” implemented in 1995 (www.azleg.state (Links to an external site.).az.us).
b. Prevents the state from being responsible for people driving into flooded areas.
c. According to the Arizona State Legislature website, motorists are responsible for all “reasonable costs, which include the costs of providing police, fire fighting, rescue and emergency medical services at the scene of an incident and the salaries of the persons who respond to the incident” (www.azleg.state.az.us (Links to an external site.)).
2. Earth Fissures
a. Large cracks or splits in the ground.
b. Caused from differential settling of the surface.
3. Earthquakes
a. Not prominent in Phoenix, but further South can be much more devastating.
b. Yuma, AZ centered on the San Andreas Fault.
Transition: As you may have noticed, geology is something that I find very interesting. I know that not everyone shares this interest but I want everyone to have some understanding of the subject.
III. Conclusion
A. It is important to know about the geology of your area.
B. Arizona has had a long and complicated geological history that makes all of the geology in the area varied.
C. All rocks react in different ways when put under certain conditions.
D. Understanding the geology of where you live enables you to stay safe in times when natural disasters occur.
References
Abbott, P. (1999). Natural disasters. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Science, Engineering & Mathematics.
Arizona State Legislature, Arizona Revised Statutes. (2007). Liability for emergency responses in flood areas Retrieved October 21, 2010, from http://www.azleg.state.az.us (Links to an external site.)
Chronic, H. (1992). Roadside geology of Arizona. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing Co.
Stanley, S. (2005). Earth system history. New York, NY: W. H. Freeman.

For This or a Similar Paper Click To Order Now


Leave a Reply