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Book: Shook, Beth, Katie Nelson, Kelsie Aguilera, and Lara Braff, eds.
Explorations: An Open Invitation to Biological Anthropology. Arlington, VA:
American Anthropology Association. ISBN (ebook) 978-1-931303-62-0; (print)
978-1-931393-63-7 – http://explorations.americananthro.org/
Instructions: Please write short answers to the following questions in your own words. Quote sparingly, putting exact quotations in quotation marks. If you consult sources other than our course text and module materials, you must cite them.
1) Compare two hypotheses, which attempt to explain how environmental change influenced early hominin traits. (Section: Paleoenvironment and hominin evolution, pp. 322-327)
2) Explain the distinct morphological traits associated with bipedalism. Then, describe one theory that addresses why humans became bipedal. (Section: Derived Adaptations: Bipedalism, pp. 327-330)
3) Discuss two controversies surrounding the classification of fossils as Homo habilis. Based on the evidence presented in Explorations, do you think Homo habilis belongs in the genus Homo or the genus Australopithecus? Offer at least one concrete example to support your opinion. (Section: Homo habilis: The earliest members of our genus, pp. 377-381)
4) How was stone tool technology important to Homo evolution? Discuss one physical change and one cultural change in either Homo habilis or Homo erectus that was influenced by tool use. (Sections: Homo habilis: The Earliest Members of our Genus (pp. 377-379), Homo habilis: Culture and Lifeways (pp. 381-383); Homo erectus: Biological and Cultural Innovations (pp. 383-385)