ESSAY QUESTION: Define, discuss, and offer real life examples of the SANCTIONS f


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ESSAY QUESTION:
Define, discuss, and offer real life examples of the SANCTIONS from Table 10-1 (page 60) in Chapter 3 on “Culture.”
Using the information in table 10-1, “Norms and Sanctions”, as a START (also use at least two outside sources to extend the sociological discussion) of each type of sanction – formal positive, formal negative, informal positive, informal negative. You will also discuss the term “sanction” in general.
Use your book AND at least two outside sources to discuss the terms. Begin with by using your book to define and discus each term IN DETAIL (sanction, formal positive, formal negative, informal positive, informal negative, norms or any other terms you think may be important to the discussion. Other terms like norms, laws, whatever is relevant).
Use the textbook and at least two outside (internet sources such as books, articles, web sites, etc.) to discuss each term in more detail. BE SURE TO CITE THE SOURCES WITHIN THE BODY OF THE PAPER (BOTH DIRECT QUOTATIONS AND PARAPHRASING, THAT IS, PUTTING INTO YOUR OWN WORDS) using the referencing format (style) of your choice. Write the midterm exam under the EXACT section headings noted below. That is, the section headings appear in your paper and you write under each. Use CAPS for the section headings (exactly as they are listed. The sections are the following:
INTRODUCTION
SOCIOLOGICAL DISCUSSION OF TERMS
REAL WORLD EXAMPLES OF TERMS
CONCLUSION
Follow the formatting example below to organize your midterm essay. A brief opening is written under each to give you an idea of how to begin each section.
INTRODUCTION
This essay defines, discusses, and applies the sociological terms sanction, formal positive sanction, formal negative sanction, informal positive sanction, and informal negative sanction. The terms are discussed sociologically using the course textbook and several outside sources. Real world examples of the terms are also offered to show how these occur in real world settings.
SOCIOLOGICAL DISCUSSION OF TERMS
The term sanction in Sociology is defined as “a penalty of reward for conduct concerning a social norm” (Schaefer 2016: 75). Sanction is an important sociological term because it applied to the control of everyday behaviors….
*you will do the same process for each of the remaining sociological terms (formal positive sanction, formal negative sanction, informal positive sanction, informal negative sanction). Here you are NOT giving examples yet, but rather discussing the terms sociologically in terms of how they are defined and additional details and information. The actual examples are discussed in the section below.
REAL WORLD EXAMPLES OF TERMS
The term sanction discussed in the above section can be seen in everyday life as they are used to control everyday behavior such as maintaining social distancing when waiting in the checkout line at a grocery store.
As an example of a sanction, in this case, informal negative sanction, I was waiting in line at Walmart to pay for groceries when another customer walked up and stood directly behind me within several inches. I turned and said, “excuse me sir, but you are not practicing proper social distancing of at least 6 feet. Please move back.” My statement to him represented an informal negative sanction. That is, I was punishing him for his behavior informally and hoping to back him up as a result. My informal negative sanction did not appear to be effective because he stood there and explained himself while remaining only several inches away. “Look” he said, “I am in a hurry as I need to get to work in a few minutes. Don’t worry, I am not feeling ill.” He continued to explain himself and I could feel his breath on my face. I attempted yet another informal negative sanction by stating boldly, “BACK UP, SIR! You are being very unsafe. If you do not backup, I am going to call store security.” (continue the discussion of then informal sanction here). What makes this example an informal negative sanction is that I was using the discussed behaviors to informally punish the man for coming to close in the checkout line. The informal sanctions were meant to keep him from coming closer to me and to back him up to a safe social distance. Since these informal sanctions were not working, I moved to a formal negative sanction next by calling store security…
*repeat this process for the remaining terms (formal positive sanction, formal negative sanction, informal positive sanction), giving a detailed real life example of each. The examples may flow from the same example used above, OR begin a new example each time. This is up to you. Be sure to keep the same order of terms that you used in the sociological discussion section above.
**Make sure to discuss the sanctions in the order they appear in Table 10-1 in Chapter 3 (formal positive, formal negative, informal positive, informal negative).
CONCLUSION This essay defined, discussed, and applied the sociological terms sanction, formal positive sanction, formal negative sanction, informal positive sanction, and informal negative sanction. The terms were discussed sociologically using the course textbook and several outside sources. Real world examples of the terms were offered to show how these occur in real world settings.
*Sample reference page below. Place all cited references in format provided. Place reference page as the last page of your midterm exam.
REFERENCES
Schaefer, Richard T. 2019. Sociology in Modules. 5TH edition. New York: McGraw Hill
*also include your outside sources used and cited in the paper alphabetically
*The following Grade Matrix will be used to tabulate your score (grade) for the Midterm Exam. Please pay attention to how points will be assessed. SOC 200: Midterm Exam Grading Matrix: Sanctions
Introduction and Conclusion (5 possible points)
/5 Sociological Discussion of Terms (20 possible points)
/20 “Real World” Examples of Terms (20 possible points)
/20 Grammar/Writing/Referencing/Formatting, etc. (5 Possible Points)
/5
/50 = %
*Percentage score out of 100 is recorded in Canvas grade book under MIDTERM column.
Works Cited page needed

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