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Since 1945, states and
international organizations have undertaken a variety of peacekeeping
operations. These operations have varied in many respects, including resources
spent, humanitarian need, historical context, the motivations of peacekeepers,
and outcome. Throughout the course, we have examined each of these elements.
You must now apply them to studying a single case of peacekeeping, much like
you did in your Week Two Assignment but in far greater detail. Note, however,
that you must use the cases listed below. Helpful links and resources
pertaining to each of these cases can be found beneath the cases below. These
resources are best viewed as a good first step to help provide you with
historical context into your chosen case; they must be integrated with
additional research on peacekeeping, which can include sources from previous
weeks. Please use the feedback you received from your instructor on your Week
Three Outline to assist you in writing this paper.
In this assignment, you
will do the following:
First, choose a
historical case of peacekeeping from the choices below. You can find the five
options in bold-faced font, with some suggested resources beneath them, and
full instructions for the assignment following:
The case I selected was:
The United Nations
Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus in Egypt, 1964-Present
Cyprus, an island in the Mediterranean, has long been divided between Turkish
Muslims and Greek Christians. When intercommunal violence resumed in 1964, the
United Nations established this peacekeeping mission.
Below are some sources
that provide readily accessible background material about your chosen case.
However, these sources should only be starting points for your final paper. You
are not required to use all of these sources, and you cannot successfully
compose your paper without utilizing additional resources.
(2012, October 22). Documentary | The Cyprus problem, still divided 1974 (Links to an external site.) [Video
file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9QjnFqqt8BM
· The American Hellenic Institute Foundation promotes Hellenic
(meaning Greek) perspectives on issues of international concern. Cyprus has a
Greek and Christian majority population who make up 80% of the total
inhabitants on the island, with ethnic Turks comprising 20%; Cyprus remains a
divided island and a frozen conflict with a U.N. force separating the two
communities. This documentary presents a Greek view of the situation American
audiences seldom get due to diplomatic concerns over Turkish sensitivities, as
Ankara is a key strategic ally of the United States.
Accessibility Statement (Links to an external
Privacy Statement (Links to an external
J. S. (1997). Cyprus: Ethnic Conflict and International Politics: From
Independence to the Threshold of the European Union (Links to an external
site.). Retrieved from
· Basingstoke affords a new perspective on the question of ethnic
conflict as it relates to the Cyprus question by substituting the traditional
Greek/Turkish dichotomy that previously dominated academic discourse with a
EU-centric paradigm arguing this new construct may help end the diplomatic
impasse between Greeks and Turks. Full text available through University of
Arizona Global Campus Library.
D. (2005). Cyprus: The Search for a Solution (Links to an external
site.). Retrieved from
· Sir David Hannay was a career British diplomat and no stranger
to international conflicts that involved U.N. peace missions. His considerable
experience and keen observations rise to the fore in this comprehensive
investigation. The irony is various British governments had a hand in
destabilizing Cyprus in the first place because London desperately wanted to
retain control over two important military bases that the Royal Air Force and
Royal Navy use to this day, bases awarded to Britain by the Congress of Berlin
in 1877. Full text available through University of Arizona Global Campus
Mavroyiannis, A. D.
(2014). The geopolitical role of Cyprus in the wider context of the European
Union. Mediterranean Quarterly, 25(1), 54-64.
· Scholarly literature on the Cyprus Question is vast and as a
result it may be a bit intimidating for students who simply want to get a
handle on the fundamentals of this issue. The traditional ethnic angle is
problematic because it divides scholars into pro-Greek or pro-Turkish camps, an
approach that has been superseded in recent years with the rise of interest in
geopolitics. You will need to know the basic operating assumptions behind
geopolitics in order to derive benefit from Mavroyiannis’ analysis, one that
also has a decidedly pro-EU slant to it. Full text available through University
of Arizona Global Campus Library.
Next, compose a
double-spaced paper at least seven pages long. Devote roughly a page to a
page-and-a-half to following the instructions contained in each of the bullets
below. Be sure to address the contents of each bulleted point. Remember,
however, that this is a final paper; do not number your answers or place them
within headings, but rather integrate them within the broader structure of your
the historical events surrounding the initiation of the chosen peacekeeping
whether the peacekeeping operation was successful. Be sure to clearly define
success in this context.
the factors that supported/support the successes of this operation. Even if you
evaluate the overall mission as a failure, you must be able to point to a few
areas where the operation succeeded/is succeeding.
the factors that supported/support the failures of this operation. Even if you
evaluate the overall mission as a success, you must be able to point to a few
areas where the operation failed/is failing.
the outcome of the operation. If the operation is not yet concluded, discuss
the outcomes thus far.
upon general lessons about peacekeeping that can be drawn from your analysis.
Here, be sure to connect your observation with arguments and material from
elsewhere in the course.
whether your study of this case suggests that peacekeeping is conducted for
moral reasons or strategic reasons. In other words, do states engage in peacekeeping
to help others, or to support their own interests?
Finally, please note the
following requirements for your Final Paper:
· Must be at least seven double-spaced pages in length (not
including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as
outlined in the Writing Center (Links
to an external site.).
· Must include a separate title page with the following:
name and number
· Must use at least six scholarly sources in addition to the
course text. The materials listed under your particular case may be helpful,
but you are not obligated to use all of them.
o The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other
Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) table
offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions
about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please
contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the
appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.
· Must document all sources in-text (Links to an external site.) in
APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.
· Must include a separate references page (Links to an external
site.) that is formatted according to APA style as
outlined in the Writing Center.