* Please provide a peer review of this paper. The bill that I chose to research


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* Please provide a peer review of this paper.
The bill that I chose to research further is S.952, Presumptive Benefits for War Fighters Exposed to Burn Pits and Other Toxins. Bill S.952 is sponsored by Senator Kirsten Gillebrand and was introduced on 03/24/2021. The latest action on this bill is that it went to the Committee on Veteran’s Affairs and a hearing was held on 04/28/2021 (Congress.gov, 2022).
“This bill establishes a presumption of service-connection for specified diseases associated with exposure to burn pits (an area used for burning solid waste in open-air without equipment) and other toxins by veterans who were awarded specified medals on or after August 2, 1990. Under a presumption of service connection, specific conditions diagnosed in certain veterans are presumed to have been caused by the circumstances of their military service. Health care benefits and disability compensation may then be rewarded” (Congress.gov, 2022). With this bill, when the Department of Veterans Affairs receives a written request to include the disease in the index. Next, the Department of Veterans Affairs must call for a decision by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on whether there is a correlation related to the “exposure of humans to a covered toxin and the occurrence of the disease in humans” (Congress.gov, 2022) (Szema, Caruana, Sanfelici, & Promisloff, 2021).
To begin with, we will look at the background involving the burn pits. In 2003, the U.S. invaded Iraq and subsequent conflicts in the Middle East which has become the longest military deployment in 17 years. Approximately 1 million military soldiers have served during this time. The following operations included in this issue are Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), and Operation New Dawn (OND). “The frequent reporting of respiratory systems among active-duty troops and returning veterans” (Szema, Caruana, Sanfelici, & Promisloff, 2021). The Department of Veterans Affairs Burn Pit Registry has 26.2% of 150,000 military individuals who have been deployed to Afghanistan and Iraq that are reporting “new-onset, deployment-related respiratory symptoms due to poor air quality, and 14.5% of a New Your-based cohort reported new-onset asthma symptoms” (Szema, Caruana, Sanfelici, & Promisloff, 2021). There is an agreement with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine that research should be continued. Being a veteran of the Iraqi conflict from 2007-2008 I completely agree with the next statement. “We should not just honor those who have sacrificed their lives, but we should also provide needed medical monitoring that we already provide to the brave women and men who sacrificed their health on 09/11” (Szema, Caruana, Sanfelici, & Promisloff, 2021).
I believe that there is an evidence base to support this bill. For example, the dust storms, which I can attest to firsthand by being in several dust storms myself in Tikrit, Iraq during 2007-2008. I also, saw the burn pits from a distance while I was there, and they are also releasing unknown toxins into the air. Another type of exposure is an airborne hazard from improvised explosive devices which are also called IEDs. The continued collection of data and research on these illnesses will only help provide opportunities for better care for our veterans. The following groups are in support of bill S.952: Vietnam Veterans of America, Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America, The American Legion, Burn Pits-360, and Vote Vets, and these are only naming a few (Mark Rubio U.S. Senator for Florida, 2021).
References
Congress.gov. (2022, July 06). Retrieved from S.952 – Presumptive Benefits for War Fighters Exposed to Burn Pits and Other Toxins Act of 2021: https://www.congress.gov/bill/117th-congress/senate-bill/952/all-actions?q=%7B%22search%22%3A%5B%22s.952%22%2C%22s.952%22%5D%7D&r=1&overview=closed&s=1#tabs
Mark Rubio U.S. Senator for Florida. (2021, March 26). Retrieved from Rubio, Gillibrand Introduce Landmark Burn Pits Legislation to Help Veterans: https://www.rubio.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/2021/3/rubio-gillibrand-introduce-landmark-burn-pits-legislation-to-help-veterans
Szema, A. M., Caruana, D. L., Sanfelici, A., & Promisloff, R. (2021). Presumptive Benefits for War Fighters Exposed to Burn Pits and Other Toxins Act of 2021: Cadit qaestio. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, p e250-e251.

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