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The purpose of the weekly assignment is to analyze vertical and horizontal relationships between/among governmental units discussed during that week’s module (e., federal-state, inter-state, state-local, inter-local). Each of your analyses should use the analytical framework introduced during Module 2.
Module 5 focuses on state-local governmental relationships. Your purpose for that week is to therefore analyze the extent to which the state and local government (e.g., Arizona and Phoenix) work together to address a common public problem.
A state-local analysis might include the extent to which Arizona works with Maricopa County or the City of Phoenix – or a group of counties or cities – to improve education.
Headers/Sections: Use headers or section heads in your work. This will help to clearly show that you are answering each portion.
Summary: A paragraph summarizing your analysis. The section should begin by stating whether or not your specific IGR case has “effectively” addressed a cross-border/cross jurisdictional policy goal or challenge. The remaining one or two sentences should briefly summarize
Example: The (fictional) PC Partnership, an (inter-state) initiative between Arizona, and Utah has failed to protect the shrinking habitat of the endangered Purple Spotted Cow. Problems allocating state funding to the initiative, especially from Utah, as well as the lack of political support from the Arizona governor eventually led to the decline of the program.
Analysis: This section should follow the same format discussed in the Module 2 videos. Framework components include (1) public purpose, (2) authority [including which governments are involved], (3) power [budgets and regulation], (4) political context, (5) capacity, and (6) other contextual issues. You should use evidence taken from recent news articles and reports to explain how each framework element shows that your IGR case is effective or ineffective.
NOTE: You may find that evidence is mixed. This means that some articles may portray your example as effective while others show the opposite. It is up to you to weigh (analyze) the evidence, talk about both sides, and make a conclusion.
Example: the PC Partnership (introduced above) has not received adequate funding from Utah or support from the AZ governor, but it has scientists involved who have an excellent understanding of purple spotted cow habitat (capacity part of your framework).
Recommendations: This final section should provide a few sentences that introduce plausible recommendations to strengthen the impact of the intergovernmental relationships discussed in your case.
NOTE: “Plausible” means that your recommendations must be reasonable. For example, while funding may be discussed, governments are unlikely to double or triple budgets to save the Purple Spotted Cow (even if it existed).
References: Please use endnotes to cite the sources of your evidence. Endnotes should provide article title, publication, and an active web link (authors are not required). For interviews, provide your interviewees last name. Endnotes allow you to preserve space for writing,
HERE IS EXAMPLE OF WHAT YOUR PAPER SHOULD LOOK LIKE
COPY AND PASTE THIS SO YOU HAVE SUBHEADS
(Be sure to read the instructions above so that you include all required elements)
PAF 420 / Date:
Assignment for Module 5
Intergovernmental topic that two or more state and local governments are working together on that I will write about:
(The Summary should be a clear conclusion and summary of how the two governments worked together and if the intergovernmental relationship is effective or not – and why)
1. public purpose:
2. authorities/governments involved:
(In your analysis, include the subheads for the following, and rearrange them so that you order them by importance. Put the most important first.)
3. Powers: budget and regulation:
4. political context:
6. other contextual issues:
(Your recommendations should include your plausible and creative recommendations on how to improve the analyzed IGR case, based on your analysis.)
Evidence can be taken from respected news sources. Newspapers such as Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, and Chicago Tribune are generally respected sources.
You will also need to become familiar with local periodicals in Arizona (e.g., The Arizona Republic) and the Southwest for at least your State-local and inter-local assignments (or let me know if you live in another state/region).
You are also encouraged to search for policy reports from governments (e.g., Congressional Research Service) and respected think tanks, such as The Brookings Institution and American Enterprise Institute. ASU’s own Morrison Institute for Public Policy is also an excellent source on local policy issues. Please ask me if you are in doubt as to the quality of a particular policy report.
Avoid commentaries and editorials. These are usually light on facts. The best articles are longer and have statistics, examples, facts and figures that can support your analysis. While acceptable, the use of quotes should be limited (e., no more than one or two per assignment).
Complete your analysis before you write your summary. Your framework should be used to support your assertion in the first paragraph. Each subsequent paragraph should be used to provide support for your initial argument.
Avoid unnecessary words. A successful assignment will communicate your ideas without flowery descriptions or storytelling.
Paragraphs should be no more than 3-5 sentences in length. The fewer the better.
If you have ‘some’ errors points 10 percent will be deducted. More than a couple will result in a 20 percent deduction.
Assignments should be no more than two pages, single-spaced, justified (no indentions), with multiple paragraphs (if needed) separated by one space.
Weekly assignments are due by Sunday at Midnight MST at the end of each module week. Late assignments will not be accepted without prior discussion at least 48 hours before they are due.
Assignments should be submitted as a Word document (.doc or .docx) or an Adobe PDF file (.pdf).