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This essay is about athletes and mental health issues
Format: Standard MLA 9 Format (double-spaced, 1’ margins, Times New Roman, including headers and footers) Refer to Owl Purdue’s MLA Citation/Works Cited section for correct MLA 9 citations. While you may use first person (I) in this essay, avoid using contractions or second person (you). Objective: The researched argument essay focuses on establishing a clear argumentative stance and supporting that stance through the integration of quoted material, summaries, and paraphrases of opinion, facts, and other information. This essay includes a strong and arguable thesis that is supported by evidence from 6-8 credible sources. Logical organization is extremely important, as is the full development of all of your ideas. In addition, you must integrate quotations smoothly, cite all sources accurately, and utilize MLA formatting appropriately. Your goal for this essay is to develop an organized, well-developed, accurately-cited and formatted essay that demonstrates your ability to think logically and present a strongly supported argument.
Consider what kind of argument you are presenting in your essay: position or proposal. The overall content of your essay and the points you make in support of your argument will change depending on which type of argument you are making
Organizing Your Researched Argument Essay
There are areas that need consideration in putting together your researched argument essay:
Introduction: The introduction of your researched argument essay helps to introduce your overall argument and stance to your audience.
Hook: Grabs your audience’s attention and gets them interested and invested in your argument.
Can be a good quotation, hypothetical question/scenario, setting a scene, or creating a profile.
Consider which kind of hook would be the most effective for the argument YOU want to make.
General Background Information: Define/explain what you think your reader might need to know about the argument/topic before they begin to read your essay.
What controversy is surrounding the issue (if any)?
What terms or concepts might need to be explained beforehand?
Remember, your audience does not have the same knowledge base as you do about your argument, so consider what information would help them understand your idea before you introduce your argument.
Thesis Statement: Your thesis statement for the researched argument essay will be an umbrella thesis statement. This means that your thesis will be a generalized statement that provides your audience with the following information:
A rebuttal statement that introduces/names your primary opposition
The general argument/stance/claim that you will be making and supporting
Example: While conservationists might disagree, hunting is necessary in order to create a sustainable environment.
Your introductory paragraph should contain no secondary sources/quotations.
Body Paragraphs: The body paragraphs of your researched argument essay will work to support the primary argument that you are making as well as provide a concession/refutation paragraph that addresses the opposition to your stance and provides counterarguments to their position. As such, you will have a minimum of four (4) body paragraphs in your essay: three body paragraphs that support your overall claim and one concession/refutation paragraph. The placement of your concession/refutation paragraph is up to you, as it can come at the beginning of your essay after your second introductory paragraph or after your body paragraphs and before the concluding paragraph. The placement of the concession/refutation paragraph will depend on the overall argument that you are making.
Depending on what type of argument you will write (proposal or position), your body paragraphs should support the overall argument that you are making, clearly demonstrate each point, and contain secondary sources that add credibility to your argument.
Each body paragraph will follow the same format and will contain the following:
Topic Sentence: Introduces the point/solution that the paragraph will focus on. What is the reason to support your position/argument? What is the primary focus of the paragraph? Be sure to use appropriate transitional words and phrases.
Supporting Details: Evidence from secondary sources and personal experience that connects to and provides detailed support for the point/reason/solution the paragraph focuses on. When incorporating secondary sources, remember that each source must be introduced fully (author/authors names; title of source; short summary of source) before integrating direct quotations/paraphrases from the source. Furthermore, each piece of secondary information must be analyzed fully within the context of your argument.
Additionally, you may use one example of personal experience per support paragraph; however, this piece of personal experience must be related to the point being focused on and must not overshadow the secondary sources provided.
Each body paragraph must contain at least two (2) secondary sources in support of the point being made.
Concluding Sentence: Summarizes the overall point/main idea of the paragraph and transitions into the next topic.
Throughout the researched argument essay, your ideas must structure and direct your argument. Don’t just present information. Don’t merely offer your reader an “information transfer,” that is, just placing (without explanation) information, facts, and quotations from journals, magazines, and books into your researched argument essay. Don’t simply throw in a quotation wherever and whenever you like without adequate interpretation; each piece of quoted material should be adequately introduced, examined, and related to your claim in the body of your researched argument essay. Get in there and argue, analyze your sources, and evaluate their points in the context of your own claim.
Concession/Refutation Paragraph: Regardless of what kind of argument you choose to make (proposal or position) your essay must contain one crucial element: the concession/refutation paragraph.
The concession/refutation paragraph is a necessary part of your researched argument essay because it acknowledges the opposition’s point of view and explains their reasons for their beliefs and reasoning as to why they are against your specific argument. Once you have introduced the opposition’s argument, you will provide counterarguments that demonstrate the flaws in the opposing argument while strengthening your own.
This paragraph helps to present you as an unbiased and trustworthy author while also strengthening and reestablishing the points that you are making in the body of your essay.
Conclusion: The concluding paragraph of your researched argument essay looks to the future of your topic and issue by focusing on what if the issue itself were not resolved and the benefits or consequences of that resolution. The concluding paragraph of your researched argument essay will contain the following information:
Restated Thesis Statement: Restate the overall point/argument being supported by the essay. What was the main focus of the argument? How did you support that position?
Summary of your Main Points: In 1-2 sentences each, individually summarize the main idea of each body paragraph, including the concession/refutation paragraph.
NOTE: Each body paragraph should be summarized individually. Do not combine the entire summary into a single sentence.
Significance/Call to Action: What do you want your audience to do after reading your essay? What was the overall purpose of your argument?
Your concluding paragraph should contain no secondary sources, quoted materials, or information not already established in the body of the essay.